First Generation Muslim Immigration and Society Glimpses of community development

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The character of immigration to Britain shifted from men seeking work to families building a future

From 1962 onwards, the character of immigration to Britain shifted from men seeking work to families building a future for themselves. Pockets of British Muslim communities began to take root in parts England, Scotland and Wales.

  • In 1961, those people of Subcontinent heritage who were born in Britain amounted to only 1.2% of the total. By 1971, this rose to 23.5% and by 1981 to 37.5%.
  • In 1961, 52% of men of Pakistani heritage in Britain were in the age-range 22-44 (compared to 26% in the total population). In the same year, only 15% of those settled in Britain but born in Pakistan were women.
  • In 1964, women and children represented 66% of all those who migrated to Britain from Pakistan. In 1966, this figure rose to 93%.
  • In 1971, 44,300 people immigrated to Britain who were the dependants of "(male) heads of families" already settled here. In 1972, this figure was 68,500 and in 1973, 32,200. The law was changed in 1974 to include men whose wives or fiancĂ©es were settled, which brought the number to 42,500 that year and 53,000 in 1975.